Wild Turkey





Length: 23⁄4 – 4ft (0.9 –1.2m)
Wingspan: 4 –5ft (1.2–1.5m)
Weight: 10–24lb (4.5–11kg)
Social: Flocks
Lifespan: Up to 9 years
Status: Secure






Once proposed by Benjamin Franklin as the national emblem
of the US, the Wild Turkey—the largest gamebird in North
America—was eliminated from most of its original range by the
early 1900s due to over-hunting and habitat destruction. Since
then, habitat restoration and the subsequent reintroduction of
Wild Turkeys has been very successful. 




VOICE Well-known gobble, given by males especially during courtship; female makes various yelps, clucks, and purrs, based on mood and threat level. 



NESTING Scrape on ground lined with grass; placed against or under protective cover; 10 –15 eggs; 1 brood; March–June. FEEDING Omnivorous, it scratches in leaf litter on forest floor for acorns and other food, mostly vegetation; also takes plants and insects from agricultural fields.

COLLECTIVE DISPLAY
Once the population expands into new areas, numerous males will be seen displaying together.




OCCURRENCE
Found in mixed mature woodlands, fields with agricultural crops; also in various grasslands, close to swamps, but adaptable and increasingly common in suburban and urban habitats. Quite widespread, but patchily distributed across North America.